The art of mixology - cocktail recipes for Butlers - or is that Butlers mixing cocktails? Hic! Damn I forget - your round I think!

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Knowing how to mix your boss’s favorite cocktail recipe can make or break a Butler - mixing drinks (mixology) is an art that you need to master.

Good, shaking stirring Mixology is what it’s about and as well as an art it’s a science too. No, not scientology that’s Tom Cruise’s religion of choice. Although he WAS in that crappy film ‘Cocktail’ - woh, spooky!

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SHAKEN OR STIRRED? Cocktail recipes for all

By Timothy Bentien

Whether bartending on the job, bartending for friends at home, or if you hang out with a certain Mr. James Bond, you will frequently come across the question, “shaken or stirred?” 

This question does require a lot of thought as it applies to so many more drinks than just the vodka or gin martini. First of all there are a few different ways to make a drink in general.  There is the BUILT drink which means pouring the ingredients in order, directly into the glass you will be serving it in. For example a highball like rum and coke, or a long island iced tea. There is the FROZEN or blended drink which of course means blending the drink with ice, such as a pina colada or margarita.  Then there are the SHAKEN and STIRRED drinks which do tend to raise the most arguments.

Now, when dealing with these types of drinks they are usually going to be martinis, all though there are drinks like the mai tai that are shaken but are poured or strained into a rocks or zombie glass.  All cocktail recipes are different and unusual.

Traditionally martinis were always stirred which of course I feel is the reason for that to be the standard, meaning stir unless otherwise specified.   The reason why martinis were always stirred was because people felt that shaking would "bruise" the gin. There is no way to actually “bruise” gin, but purists will fight this one to the death so I will leave that alone.  All I can say is that shaking produces ice chips which will make the martini cloudier than usual.

When mixing a martini, shaking and stirring will produce different temperatures in your drink because stirring melts the ice and shaking cracks the ice.  I recently saw a test done showing that stirring will produce a cold drink but shaking produces a much colder drink. Furthermore, the way a drink is shaken will produce colder results. So a light quick shake will not be as cold as a thorough hard shake. If you are going for the coldest possible drink you will want to shake hard but with a certain technique, which is more of a hard slashing motion. 

Think of it like hammering a nail into a board, slower on the way up with a fast swing down and a quick stop, which causes the ice to crash into the bottom of the shaker.  This will cause the ice to break apart and shatter in the liquid, producing a slushier drink but not as slushy as a blended drink.


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“If you were to ask me if I'd ever had the bad luck to miss my daily cocktail, I'd have to say that I doubt it; where certain things are concerned, I plan ahead.”
Luis Bunuel
shake your funky stuff
shake your funky stuff

Now the last topic I want to cover will allow you to decipher whether to shake or stir when dealing with all these juices and fancy mixed martinis out there these days. When making a drink the general rule of thumb is shake if using juices.  Which means, if you add apple, orange, pineapple or whatever other juice you may have to your martini, then shake away. Shaking causes drinks to be cloudy, so if you add juice it will already be cloudy, which means you can shake away, get that drink colder, without worrying about a cloudy drink. On the other hand with a drink such as a Manhattan, Martini, Rob Roy, or any other clear drink, always stir unless otherwise specified. You will not want to serve a customer, or friend for that matter, who drinks these types of cocktails on a regular basis, a cloudy Rob Roy.

So it seems James Bond is neither right nor wrong, he just likes his drink a little colder than the rest of us.

Tim Bentien has bartended on multiple continents, in many different venues from pubs and golf courses, to jazz bars and nightclubs.  He is now the main author behind


More classic cocktail recipes via video:

Champagne Cocktail Mint Julep Cocktail
Sidecar Cocktail Manhattan Cocktail
Negroni Cocktail Cosmopolitan Cocktail
Gin Fizz Cocktail Margarita Cocktail
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shake your funky stuff

“While this fantastic juggler in the video on the left is incredibly entertaining to watch I think, if I wanted a ‘real’ cocktail I’d go elsewhere.

Throwing bottles around does not a mixologist make. It means you are a juggler!

I was trained Old School where ingredients and taste were everything - flash and perzaz didn’t enter into it. Well, OK, maybe a bit!

All that mattered was the taste and presentation of the finished product.

But I guess if I was in a  bar on the Las vegas strip, and offered a drink in a plastic tumbler, I wouldn’t be quite so snooty about it.

Different Strokes etc. I don’t want to be too pompous about it ( as long as a bartender somewhere is training another to do it right!)...

See, the cocktail recipe was the whole thing - you didn’t play with it. If you changed any part of it you were creating something new - and that then became a new cocktail......



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